Meteorological Satellite Center (MSC)

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History

Outlines and Activities.

JMA's Meteorological Satellite Center (MSC)

The Meteorological Satellite Center (MSC) was established in April 1977 as an auxiliary organ of the Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA).

Date General outline
15 July 1950 The Meteorological Communication Center was moved to Kiyose.
20 August 1968 Reception of Automatic Picture Transmission (APT) data from the USA's ESSA-6 polar-orbiting satellite started.
16 April 1973 The Meteorological Satellite Planning Division was established at the Headquarters of the Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA).
1 March 1974 Reception of VHRR data from the USA's ITOS-D (NOAA-2) polar-orbiting satellite started. Data from NOAA satellites have been continuously received since that time.
22 March 1976 A computer system based on FACOM 230-75 for both satellite control and data processing was put into operation.
10 May 1976 The Preparatory Office for the Meteorological Satellite Center was established.
1 April 1977 The Meteorological Satellite Center (MSC) was established as an auxiliary organ of JMA.
14 July 1977 The first Geostationary Meteorological Satellite (GMS) was launched from Cape Canaveral in Florida, USA at 19:39 (JST).
18 July 1977 The GMS was nicknamed Himawari.
8 September 1977 The first GMS Image of the earth was taken .
4 November 1977 The GMS satellite was transferred from the National Space Development Agency of Japan (NASDA) to JMA.
6 April 1978 Full operation of the GMS started for three-hourly full-earth disk observation, facsimile picture dissemination and meteorological parameter extraction.
1 April 1981 Operational retrieval of atmospheric vertical profile data from the USA's TIROS-N polar-orbiting meteorological satellite started.
11 August 1981 The GMS-2 was launched from NASDA's Tanegashima Space Center in Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan at 05:03 (JST).
21 December 1981 Full operation of the GMS-2 started.
1 July 1983 Provision of data for the International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project (ISCCP) started.
1 July 1984 The service of providing of typhoon analysis (SAREP) started.
3 August 1984 The GMS-3 was launched from Tanegashima Space Center at 05:30 (JST).
27 September 1984 Full operation of the GMS-3 started.
1 March 1987 Operation of the new computer system (composed of FACOM M-360R for satellite control and FACOM M-380S for data processing) started, replacing the previous version.
Operational hourly half-disk observation started in addition to three-hourly full-disk observation, and new products such as the Satellite Cloud Information Chart (SCIC) were introduced.
Hourly half-disk observation started in addition to the three-hourly full-disk observation.
1 January 1988 Provision of data for the Global Precipitation Climate Project (GPCP) started.
1 April 1988 Stretched VISSR (S-VISSR) for real-time dissemination of raw digital image data started.
5 January 1989 Operational hourly full-disk observation started.
6 September 1989 The GMS-4 was launched from Tanegashima Space Center at 04:11 (JST).
14 December 1989 Full operation of the GMS-4 started.
1 March 1994 SCIC provision service was augmented from three-hourly dissemination to hourly dissemination.
1 April 1994 Operation of the Simultaneous Satellite Communication System for Emergency Information started.
18 March 1995 The GMS-5 was launched from Tanegashima Space Center at 17:01 (JST).
14 June1995 Operation of the new computer system (composed of FACTOR M-1600/2 for satellite control and FACTOR M-1600/10R for data processing) started, replacing the previous version. The SCIC was renamed the Satellite Cloud Analysis Chart (SCAC).
15 June 1995 Reception and utilization of observation data from the USA's two NOAA polar-orbiting meteorological satellites started.
21 June 1995 Full operation of the GMS-5 started.
1 April 1996 Operation of the Seismic Intensity Data Conversion System started.
11 May 1996 The Office of Preparation for Meteorological Satellite Operations in charge of preparatory works for the operation of the MESA Multi-functional Transport Satellites was established.
26 November 1996 Operational reception of data from NASDA's earth exploration satellites started.
15 November 1999 Launch of the first MTSAT was attempted from Tanegashima Space Center at 16:29 (JST) using the H-I launch vehicle. However, both the vehicle and the MTSAT were destroyed by commands from the ground station 7 minutes and 41 seconds after lift-off due to the vehicle's failure to follow the predetermined path.
22 May 2003 Back-up operation of the GMS-5 with the GOES-9 started.
26 February 2005 MTSAT-1R was launched from the Tanegashima Space Center of JAXA (the successor organization to NASDA) at 18:25 (JST).
1 March 2005 Operation of the new computer system (including the HITACHI EP8000 for data processing) started. Satellite control operation has been performed using ground equipment installed at the CDAS since that time.
28 June 2005 Full operation of the MTSAT-1R started.
18 February 2006 MTSAT-2 was launched from Tanegashima Space Center at 15:27 (JST).
4 September 2006 Operation of MTSAT-2 as a backup for MTSAT-1R started.
1 July 2010 Full operation of the MTSAT-2 started.
5 June 2012 Operation of the new computer system started.
7 October 2014 Himawari-8 was launched from Tanegashima Space Center at 14:16 (JST).
7 July 2015 Full operation of the Himawari-8 started.

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